Abstract: PSFC/JA-05-6

Characterization of core and edge turbulence in L- and enhanced D[alpha] H-mode Alcator C-Mod plasmas

Basse, N.P., Edlund, E.M., Ernst, D.R, Fiore, C.L., Greenwald, M.J., Hubbard, A.E., Hughes, J.W., Irby, J.H., Kramer, G.J.1, Lin, L., Lin, Y., Marmar, E.S., Mikkelsen, D.R.1, Mossessian, D.A., Porkolab, M., Rice, J.E., Snipes, J.A., Stillerman, J.A., Terry, J.L., Wolfe, S.M., Wukitch, S.J., Zhurovich, K.


1Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton , NJ 08543, USA

The recently upgraded phase-contrast imaging (PCI) diagnostic is used to characterize the transition from the low (L) to the enhanced D[alpha] (EDA) high (H) confinement mode in Alcator C-Mod [I. H. Hutchinson, et al., Phys. Plasmas, 1511 (1994)] plasmas. PCI yields information on line integrated density fluctuations along vertical chords. The number of channels has been increased from 12 to 32, the sampling rate from 1 MHz to 10 MHz. This expansion of diagnostic capabilities is used to study broadband turbulence in L- and EDA H-mode and to analyze the quasi-coherent (QC) mode associated with EDA H-mode. Changes in broadband turbulence at the transition from L- to EDA H-mode can be interpreted as an effect of the Doppler rotation of the bulk plasma. Additional fluctuation measurements of D[alpha]-light and the poloidal magnetic field show features correlated with PCI in two different frequency ranges at the transition. The backtransition from EDA H- to L-mode, the so-called enhanced neutron (EN) mode, is investigated by new high frequency (132 and 140 GHz) reflectometer channels operating in the ordinary (O) mode. This additional hardware has been installed in an effort to study localized turbulence associated with internal transport barriers (ITBs). The EN-mode is a suitable candidate for this study, since an ITB exists transiently as the outer density decreases much faster than the core density in this mode. The fact that the density decays from the outside inward allows us to study fluctuations progressing towards the plasma core. Our results mark the first localized observation of the QC-mode at medium density: 2.2 x 1020 m-3 (132 GHz). Correlating the reflectometry measurements with other fluctuating quantities provides some insight regarding the causality of the EN-mode development.


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